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Prénoms et orientations nationales en israël, 1882-1980

Sasha Weitman
Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales
42e Année, No. 4 (Jul. - Aug., 1987), pp. 879-900
Published by: EHESS
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27583608
Page Count: 22
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Prénoms et orientations nationales en israël, 1882-1980
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Abstract

An analysis of first names given to children in Israel between 1882 and 1980 shows that, right from the outset, Israelis identified themselves in Hebrew. The first 90 of these 100 years are also notable for a progressive restriction of this national identity's limits. This important shift is expressed, on the one hand, by the progressive passage from a pan-ethnic (Jewish) identification to that of a nativist (sabra) one, and, on the other hand, from trans-individual values to individualist ones. It was only in the 1970s that this regressive tendency began to give way to broader attitudes, firstly, towards the Western world (i.e. a cosmopolitain orientation) and, then later (after the Kippur war), towards the Jewish world. The dates corresponding to these turning points suggest that the latter were the product of dialectical reactions on the part of the Israelis to changes in the outside world's (and especially the Western world's) attitudes towards them.

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