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Valery Burati and the Formation of Sohyo during the U. S. Occupation of Japan

John Price
Pacific Affairs
Vol. 64, No. 2 (Summer, 1991), pp. 208-225
DOI: 10.2307/2759960
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2759960
Page Count: 18
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Valery Burati and the Formation of Sohyo during the U. S. Occupation of Japan
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Abstract

The political origins of Japan's largest central union, Sohyo (General Council of Trade Unions of Japan), has long been the subject of debate. Founded in 1950 with the apparent support of the U.S. Occupation, Sohyo quickly overcame its shadowy origins to become Japan's most adversarial union federation and an avid opponent of U.S. foreign policy in Asia. Valery Burati, a former union organizer in the U.S., was the chief Occupation liaison officer with the labour movement in Japan in the 1948-1951 period. His alliance with Takano Minoru and the non-Communist left in the labour movement was an important factor in creating the conditions for Sohyo's sudden transformation. It also got Burati into trouble with the Jay Lovestone-Irving Brown-Richard Deverall cabal in the American Federation of Labor.

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