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A Classification of Environments

L. L. Bernard
American Journal of Sociology
Vol. 31, No. 3 (Nov., 1925), pp. 318-332
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2764196
Page Count: 15
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A Classification of Environments
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Abstract

(1) The scientific study of environment has been delayed, due to a lack of emphasis upon the human or social-science aspect of general science. It is now developing in all the sciences. (2) Science is itself in large measure an analysis of environmental conditions and pressures. Especially is this true of the social sciences. (3) The environments of man may be classified from two standpoints: (a) the types of pressures exerted upon man and his social organization; (b) the order of development (the relative promariness and derivativeness) of the environments. (4) The psycho-social and derivative control environments are of the greatest importance for man. (5) These, and all other social forms of environment, have been produced as a result of man's coadaptive or co-operative adjustment to nature and the antecedent social environments. (6) The future social-control activities of man will probably be undertaken with a view to perfecting the psycho-social and derivative control environments.

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