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An Exploration of Local R&D Spillovers in France

Jacques Mairesse and Benoît Mulkay
Annales d'Économie et de Statistique
No. 87/88, Spatial Econometrics, Innovative Networks and Growth (Jul. - Dec., 2007), pp. 145-166
Published by: GENES on behalf of ADRES
DOI: 10.2307/27650046
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27650046
Page Count: 22
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An Exploration of Local R&D; Spillovers in France
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Abstract

This paper is an attempt to assess the existence and magnitude of local research spillovers in France. We rely on the model of an extended production function (Cobb-Douglas and Translog) with both local and neighborhood R&D capital stocks. We estimate this model on 312 employment areas as of 1999, first for the whole economy, then separately for five large manufacturing industries. The estimated elasticities of productivity with respect to R&D capital are significant and plausible, both within own-area and across neighboring areas as well as within own-industry, but they are weaker across different industires. /// Cet article est un essai d'évaluation de l'existence et de l'importance des "spillovers" géographiques de R&D en France. Nous considérons un modèle de fonction de production étendue (Cobb-Douglas et Translog) avec deux stocks de capital de R&D, mesurés respectivement au noveau local de chaque bassin d'emploi et à celui des bassins d'emploi voisins. Nous estimons ce modèle sur les bassins d'emploi de la France métropolitaine en 1999, d'abord pour l'ensemble de l'économie marchande non agricole, ensuite pour cinq grandes branches industrielles. Les estimations des élasticités de la productivité au capital de R&D sont significatives et plausibles, à la fois intra-zone et entre zones voisines ainsi qu'intra-industrie, mais elles sont plus faibles entre industries différentes.

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