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The Yugoslav Immigrants in America

Joseph S. Roucek
American Journal of Sociology
Vol. 40, No. 5 (Mar., 1935), pp. 602-611
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2767923
Page Count: 10
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The Yugoslav Immigrants in America
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Abstract

Yugoslavs did not begin to immigrate in large numbers until after 1890. Most of them came from the provinces formerly belonging to Austria-Hungary. In 1930 the number of living Yugoslavs in the United States was about 325,000, scattered in every state in the Union. The Chicago region has the greatest number of any urban area-between 40,000 and 60,000. The majority of Yugoslavs are employed in mines and industries, although the percentage so employed has dropped. Today they are more and more interested in road construction and various other public works. Religious backgrounds tend to persist. All the Yugoslav schools belong tovarious churces. Classes are taught in English. Antagonism between Serbs, Croats, and Slovenians is such as to make any kind of co-operation exceptional. Yugoslav tribes also have different social and cultural outlooks. There are some 4,500 benevolent fraternal organizations, with a total membership of about 25,000; all are based on provincial and religious lines. The prohibition of further immigration and the force of Americanization will eventually cause the Yugoslav culture pattern in America to disappear. In recent years the flow of immigration into Yugoslavia has become greater than emigration.

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