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Prevalence of Pneumoconiosis in Cornish Kaolin Workers

Geoffrey Sheers
British Journal of Industrial Medicine
Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul., 1964), pp. 218-225
Published by: BMJ
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27721954
Page Count: 8
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Prevalence of Pneumoconiosis in Cornish Kaolin Workers
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Abstract

In 1961, 553 Cornish china clay workers had been exposed to kaolin dust for periods exceeding five years, and evidence of kaolinosis was seen in 48 (9%). No kaolinosis was found in men who had been exposed for less than five years. Workers in the more heavily exposed jobs of milling, bagging, and loading showed a prevalence rising from 6% in those with between five and 15 years' exposure to 23% in those exposed for more than 15 years. Men who had been intermittently and less heavily exposed in the older, out-dated drying plants needed 25 years' exposure before reaching the highest prevalence of 17%. Massive fibrosis has been observed in two cases in the industry and also in two men who have left the industry. Six men needed anti-tuberculous chemotherapy, but none had a positive sputum. Preventive measures now include pre-employment chest examination, but the problems of dust control have not yet been satisfactorily solved.

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