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Occupational Patterns of Inequality
Ralph H. Turner
American Journal of Sociology
Vol. 59, No. 5 (Mar., 1954), pp. 437-447
Published by: The University of Chicago Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2772245
Page Count: 11
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To examine variations among occupations in the degree of unequal white and Negro participation, an "index of concentration" is applied to 1940 census data, with separate computations by region and urban-rural community. Analysis is centered on the variations in inequality associated with variations in educational attainment level. The most general explanatory principle is an inverse relation between equality and occupational desirability. Factors hypothesized to account for deviations from this principle include barriers to interracial competition, institutional controls, differential occupational prestige and alternatives, and differential intra-occupational ceilings.
American Journal of Sociology © 1954 The University of Chicago Press