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Occupational Patterns of Inequality

Ralph H. Turner
American Journal of Sociology
Vol. 59, No. 5 (Mar., 1954), pp. 437-447
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2772245
Page Count: 11
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Occupational Patterns of Inequality
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Abstract

To examine variations among occupations in the degree of unequal white and Negro participation, an "index of concentration" is applied to 1940 census data, with separate computations by region and urban-rural community. Analysis is centered on the variations in inequality associated with variations in educational attainment level. The most general explanatory principle is an inverse relation between equality and occupational desirability. Factors hypothesized to account for deviations from this principle include barriers to interracial competition, institutional controls, differential occupational prestige and alternatives, and differential intra-occupational ceilings.

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