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Nacimiento de un constitucionalismo transnacional

Renaud Dehousse and Lorena Murillo S.
Foro Internacional
Vol. 42, No. 2 (168) (Apr. - Jun., 2002), pp. 281-292
Published by: El Colegio de Mexico
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27739124
Page Count: 12
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Nacimiento de un constitucionalismo transnacional
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Abstract

Este artículo muestra cómo la Corte Europea de Justicia ha construido el sistema legal europeo a la manera de un sistema casi federal. Recuerda las diversas fases de un largo proceso en donde se lidió con la resistencia tenaz de los estados-miembros que se sentían despojados de su soberanía: desde la formación de un constitucionalismo internacional que en muchos aspectos no era sino la prolongación del constitucionalismo que se conoce a escala nacional, pasando por la creación de tribunales internacionales encargados de vigilar la recta aplicación de los principios superiores estipulados en los textos básicos, hasta el salto cualitativo que significó el otorgamiento de un recurso individual a los particulares en contra de los estados culpables de infringir el derecho comunitario. Este texto evidencia asimismo las innovaciones que la construcción ha introducido en las relaciones entre los estados de Europa Occidental. /// This article shows how the European Court of Justice has built the European legal system to resemble a federal system. It discusses the different phases of a long process tenaciously resisted by member-states that felt they were being divested of their sovereignty: from the formation of an international constitutionalism which in many aspects was nothing more than an extension of constitutionalism on a national scale, passing through the creation of international courts to supervise the enforcement of high principles stipulated in basic texts, to the qualitative leap of granting private individuals the right to appeal against states that violate community law. This text also mentions the innovations that the construction of this system has produced in the relations between Western European states.

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