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The Structure of Authority in Non-Industrial Production Organizations
Stanley H. Udy, Jr.
American Journal of Sociology
Vol. 64, No. 6 (May, 1959), pp. 582-584
Published by: The University of Chicago Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2774040
Page Count: 3
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A quantitative index is develop of the degree of physical complexity of any technological process, comprising three factors: tasks, specialization, and combined effort. A hypothesis is then developed which broadly predicts, from this index, the number of levels of authority in the production organization carrying on a given process. The hypothesis is then tested by a cross-cultural analysis of 82 non-industrial production organizations and found to be sustained.
American Journal of Sociology © 1959 The University of Chicago Press