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Organizational Control Structures in Five Correctional Institutions

Mayer N. Zald
American Journal of Sociology
Vol. 68, No. 3, Studies on Formal Organization (Nov., 1962), pp. 335-345
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2774225
Page Count: 11
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Organizational Control Structures in Five Correctional Institutions
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Abstract

In institutions for delinquents pursuit of custodial or treatment goals leads to differences in organizational control structures. In a study of five institutions it was found that treatment institutions as compared to custodial institutions had more complex departmental structures requiring a greater sharing of executive power. Moreover, differences in goals were associated with differences in this balance of power among groups; emphasis on treatment leads to a more powerful social service staff, relative to cottage parents and teachers. Among treatment institutions, those that focus on milieu treatment are likely to have a different control structure from those that focus on individual treatment.

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