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Proventricular Nematodiasis in Wrinkled Hornbills (Aceros corrugatus)
Shannon T. Ferrell, Katherine A. Pope, Chris Gardiner, Daniel S. Bradway, Dana L. Ambrose, Robert A. MacLean, Terry M. Norton, Nancy L. Stedman and Michael M. Garner
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Vol. 40, No. 3 (Sep., 2009), pp. 543-550
Published by: American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27751731
Page Count: 8
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Three immature Sunda wrinkled hornbills (Aceros corrugatus) were diagnosed postmortem with proventricular spirurid nematodiasis. Concurrent severe disseminated larval granulomatosis in other visceral organs was considered contributory to mortality in each case. Clinical signs of nematodiasis were vague but generally consisted of weight loss, anorexia, and lethargy. Frequent antemortem fecal examinations were negative for spirurid eggs. In these present cases, based on routine histopathology, both prophylactic and empirically based therapeutic anthelmintic treatments had no evident benefit in the elimination of the proventricular nematodes. Spirurid nematodiasis may be an important cause of mortality in young hornbills.
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine © 2009 American Association of Zoo Veterinarians