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Pull and Push Factors in Labour Migration: A Study of Brick-Kiln Workers in Punjab
Naresh Kumar and A. S. Sidhu
Indian Journal of Industrial Relations
Vol. 41, No. 2 (Oct., 2005), pp. 221-232
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27768009
Page Count: 12
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This paper is an attempt to identify the push and pull factors which influence workers' inter-state migration, on the basis of perceptions of workers. A sample of 200 workers drawn from 25 brick-kilns located in three districts of Punjab was interviewed. This study found that industrial development, better job opportunities and comparatively higher wages in Punjab have emerged as the most important pull factors which motivate labour to migrate. Lack of development, inadequate agricultural land and poor economic conditions of family forced labour to migrate out of its native place. The study further found that economic factors have emerged more significant as compared to non-economic factors in the process of migration. Study recommends that in view of the slow absorption rate in the urban industrial sector, the labour migration should be regulated. Concrete plans and their effective implementation are necessary in order to minimize the differences between the economic opportunities in urban and rural sectors.
Indian Journal of Industrial Relations © 2005 Shri Ram Centre for Industrial Relations and Human Resources