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ARCHAIC ADAPTATIONS OF THE ANDEAN REGION, 9000 TO 5000 B.P.

Karen E. STOTHERT and Jeffrey QUILTER
Revista de Arqueología Americana
No. 4, LAS SOCIEDADES AMERICANAS DEL POSTPLEISTOCENO TEMPRANO (julio-diciembre 1991), pp. 25-53
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27768296
Page Count: 29
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ARCHAIC ADAPTATIONS OF THE ANDEAN REGION, 9000 TO 5000 B.P.
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Abstract

The diverse, broad-based, hunting and foraging adaptive systems that developed in the Andean Region between 9000 and 5000 B.P. are described. The evidence is reviewed beginning in the highlands of Ecuador and moving south to the highlands of northern Chile. Similarly the coastal adaptations that have been studied are described, including Archaic manifestations in Ecuador, along the coast of Peru, and in northern Chile. These cultures show considerable regional variation and divergent patterns of development. Se describen los sistemas adaptativos de los cazadores y recolectores de la Región Andina, 9000-5000 A.P. La evidencia se discute empezando en las tierras altas de Ecuador hacia el sur, a las tierras altas del norte de Chile. De igual manera se describen las adaptaciones costeras que han sido estudiadas incluyendo manifestaciones arcaicas en el Ecuador, a lo largo de la costa del Perú y del norte de Chile. Estas culturas muestran considerable variación cultural y patrones divergentes de desarrollo. Cet article décrit les divers systèmes d'adaptation qui, dérivés généralement de la chasse et du fourrage sec, se sont développés dans la région andine entre 9000 et 5000 A.A. On revise les faits reliés d'abord aux hautes terres de l'Equateur et ensuite, en allant vers le sud, aux hautes terres du nord du Chili. Au même titre on décrit les adaptations côtières qui ont déjà été étudiées, incluant les manifestations archaïques en Equateur, le long de la côte du Pérou et dans le nord du Chili. Ces manifestions culturelles témoignent d'une variation régionale considérable et de modèles de développement divergents. São descritos os diversos sistemas adaptativos semi-sedentários, de caçadores e coletores, que se desenvolveram na região dos Andes entre 9000 e 5000 A.P. As evidências foram revistas começando nas terras altas do Equador, movendose ao sul até as terras altas do norte do Chile. Da mesma maneira, são descritas as adaptações na costa, incluindo manifestações arcaícas no Equador, ao longo da costa do Peru, e do norte do Chile. Estas culturas mostram consideráveis variações regionais e padrões de desenvolvimento divergentes.

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