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Industrial Democracy: Law and Challenges in India

Debi S. Saini
Indian Journal of Industrial Relations
Vol. 19, No. 2 (Oct., 1983), pp. 191-205
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27768771
Page Count: 15
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Industrial Democracy: Law and Challenges in India
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Abstract

The paper attempts to identify issues in sociology of industrial law in general and industrial democracy in particular, in the Indian context. Voluminous literature that is available on industrial democracy, by and large, lacks ideological underpinnings and a holistic context. It is argued that industrial democracy is a value which, even before incorporation of Article 43A into the Indian Constitution, is embodied in the total philosophy of the Constitution. In making their value choices, the Constitution builders had envisaged instruments, without specifying all of them, that would strengthen the transformation process articulated in the chapter on Directive Principles of State Policy. Therefore, any scheme of industrial democracy should be viewed not only as a politico-legal doctrine but as an instrument of socio-economic change too. With this end, the paper identifies the concept of industrial democracy, finds obstacles in its development and focuses on challenges that legal academicians, social scientists and the draftsmen face in articulating an operationally efficacious law. In order to diffuse the planned social change in terms of the constitutionally desired social order, certain broad guidelines have been suggested.

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