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Communism, Conformity, Cohorts, and Categories: American Tolerance in 1954 and 1972-73

James A. Davis
American Journal of Sociology
Vol. 81, No. 3 (Nov., 1975), pp. 491-513
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2777641
Page Count: 23
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Communism, Conformity, Cohorts, and Categories: American Tolerance in 1954 and 1972-73
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Abstract

Samuel A. Stouffer's 1954 survey is compared with replication data in the National Opinion Research Center's 1972-73 General Social Surveys to check his Predictions regarding the effects of generation, age, and education on toleranceof Communists and atheists. A flow graph model for difference equations involving categorical variables is used to organize the findings. Major conclusions are these: (1) there has been an average increase of about 23% in tolerant responses; (2) about 4% of this increase is due to cohort effects on educational attainment, as Stouffer predicted; (3) about 5% is due to cohort repalcement per se; (4) about 13% is due to increasing tolerance among all cohort and education groups, the opposite of what Stouffer predicted; and (5) about 1% is due to increased college attainment not accounted for by cohort.

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