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Homophily, Selection, and Socialization in Adolescent Friendships

Denise B. Kandel
American Journal of Sociology
Vol. 84, No. 2 (Sep., 1978), pp. 427-436
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2777857
Page Count: 10
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Homophily, Selection, and Socialization in Adolescent Friendships
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Abstract

Longitudinal sociometric data on adolescent friendship pairs, friends-to-be, and former friends are examined to assess levels of homophily on four attributes (frequency of current marijuana, use, level of educational aspirations, political orientation, and participation in minor delinquency) at various stages of friendship formation and dissolution. In addition, estimates are developed of the extent to which observed homophily in friendship dyads results from a process of selection (assortative pairing), in which similarity precedes association and the extent to which it results from a process of socialization in which association leads to similarity. The implications of the results for interpreting estimates of peer influence derived from cross-sectional data are discussed.

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