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Women and Work: The Psychological Effects of Occupational Conditions

Joanne Miller, Carmi Schooler, Melvin L. Kohn and Karen A. Miller
American Journal of Sociology
Vol. 85, No. 1 (Jul., 1979), pp. 66-94
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2778068
Page Count: 29
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Women and Work: The Psychological Effects of Occupational Conditions
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Abstract

For employed women, job conditions that encourage self-direction are related to effective intellectual functioning and an open, flexible orientation to others, while those tha constrain opportunities for self direction are related to ineffective intellectual functioning and a rigid social orientation. Moreover, several types of job pressures and uncertainties are related to less effective intellectual functioning, unfavorable evaluations of self, or a rigid social orientation. These relationships do not result from social selection, pay, status, or social circumstances and personal preferences, and they are of magnitudes similar to those for men. Causal analysis demonstrates that job conditions not only correlate with but actually affect psychological functioning. For women, as for men, occupational conditions have a decided psychological impact.

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