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Bacteriophage Therapy of Salmonella enterica: A Fresh Appraisal of Bacteriophage Therapy

Rosanna Capparelli, Nunzia Nocerino, Marco Iannaccone, Danilo Ercolini, Marianna Parlato, Medaglia Chiara and Domenico Iannelli
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Vol. 201, No. 1 (1 January 2010), pp. 52-61
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27794380
Page Count: 10
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Bacteriophage Therapy of Salmonella enterica: A Fresh Appraisal of Bacteriophage Therapy
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Abstract

Background. The most serious criticisms leveled at bacteriophage therapy are as follows: phages induce neutralizing antibodies, phages are active only when administered shortly after bacterial infection, and phage-resistant bacteria emerge rapidly in the course of therapy. Methods. Phages lytic for several Salmonella enterica serovars were isolated by means of standard protocols from feces of patients with gastroenteritis. Growth of S. enterica serovar Paratyphi B (Salp572 ø1S ) in the presence of phage ø1 (selected from among 8 phages for its larger host range) provided a phage ø1–resistant bacterial strain (Salp572 ø1R ). The properties of the Salp572 ø1S and Salp572 ø1R strains and of phage ø1 were studied in a mouse model of experimental infection. Results. Phages induced nonneutralizing antibodies and were active 2 weeks after experimental infection of mice; phage-resistant bacteria were avirulent and short lived in vivo. More importantly, phage-resistant bacteria were excellent vaccines, protecting against lethal doses of heterologous S. enterica serovars. Conclusions. Phage therapy effectiveness has not yet been properly assessed.

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