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DER EINFLUSS DER BAULEITPLANUNG AUF DIE WIRTSCHAFTLICHE NUTZUNG DES BODENS SOWIE DEN BODEN- UND BAUMARKT IN GROSSTÄDTEN DER BUNDESREPUBLIK, DARGESTELLT AM BEISPIEL DER FRANKFURTER INNENSTADTPLANUNG

Ernst Giese
Geographische Zeitschrift
65. Jahrg., H. 2 (2. QUARTAL 1977), pp. 109-123
Published by: Franz Steiner Verlag
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27817905
Page Count: 19
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
DER EINFLUSS DER BAULEITPLANUNG AUF DIE WIRTSCHAFTLICHE NUTZUNG DES BODENS SOWIE DEN BODEN- UND BAUMARKT IN GROSSTÄDTEN DER BUNDESREPUBLIK, DARGESTELLT AM BEISPIEL DER FRANKFURTER INNENSTADTPLANUNG
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Abstract

Acute reason for my research are inter-urban land use conflicts arisen at the end of the sixties and during the early seventies in the course of intensified expansion of the tertiary service of the Central Business District to adjacent housing areas of the cities in the Federal Republic of Germany. It is the aim of this research to trace the reasons for such conflicts in order to analyze the influence of community planning on urban land use and, on the other hand, to examine the dependence of the community planning from the urban land and building markets as well as from developments introduced. The analysis is exemplified by the Westend district of Frankfurt-on-Main. Research results: 1. Structural change is proceeding via the urban land and building markets; the spatial distribution of inter-urban land use is essentially dependent on the land and building markets. 2. The price of urban land is invariably the basic instrument controlling the process of structural changes in city-adjacent housing areas. 3. The price of urban land is regulated within the limits set by the community planning institution. 4. Such limits may be adjusted so liberally – for instance of generous so-called "exceptions" from stipulations layed down in the area structural plans for building – as to reduce the influence of communal planning to a minimum; as a result, the urban land use is almost exclusively determined by the land and building markets. 5. The trade law, on account of restrictive building regulations and rent laws in the Federal Republic of Germany, has not been anulled as – partly – assumed. On the contrary: the powers of market mechanisms are such that negative accompaniments of an especially social, explosive effect – like real estate speculation, destruction of housing capacities, dislodging of housing area-inhabitants and house occupations – are possible. One can only hope that the instrument of building laws at our hands is fully employed and exhausted according to the legal intentions, in order to prohibit excesses like those having occurred at Westend-Frankfurt. The community planning institution, is essentially restricting the utilization of real estate. The community planning institution, however, does not order the planned utilization to be carried out, but leaves the decision to the real estate owners, whether or not such a utilization is realized within the given frame.

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