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Autoinhibition of the kinesin-2 motor KIF17 via dual intramolecular mechanisms

Jennetta W. Hammond, T. Lynne Blasius, Virupakshi Soppina, Dawen Cai and Kristen J. Verhey
The Journal of Cell Biology
Vol. 189, No. 6 (JUNE 14, 2010), pp. 1013-1025
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/27822093
Page Count: 13
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Autoinhibition of the kinesin-2 motor KIF17 via dual intramolecular mechanisms
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Abstract

Long-distance transport in cells is driven by kinesin and dynein motors that move along microtubule tracks. These motors must be tightly regulated to ensure the spatial and temporal fidelity of their transport events. Transport motors of the kinesin-1 and kinesin-3 families are regulated by autoinhibition, but little is known about the mechanisms that regulate kinesin-2 motors. We show that the homodimeric kinesin-2 motor KIF17 is kept in an inactive state in the absence of cargo. Autoinhibition is caused by a folded conformation that enables nonmotor regions to directly contact and inhibit the enzymatic activity of the motor domain. We define two molecular mechanisms that contribute to autoinhibition of KIF17. First, the C-terminal tail interferes with microtubule binding; and second, a coiled-coil segment blocks processive motility. The latter is a new mechanism for regulation of kinesin motors. This work supports the model that autoinhibition is a general mechanism for regulation of kinesin motors involved in intracellular trafficking events.

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