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Resistance to Change in the Self-Concept as a Function of Consensus Among Significant Others
Carl W. Backman, Paul F. Secord and Jerry R. Peirce
Vol. 26, No. 1 (Mar., 1963), pp. 102-111
Published by: American Sociological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2785728
Page Count: 10
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Self concept, Personality traits, Matrices, Saliency, Self, Resistance to change, Personality tests, Cognitive psychology, Social psychology, Psychology
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The recent development of several cognitive theories promises a greater articulation between research and theory on the self-concept than has hitherto been the case. Interpersonal congruency theory, in particular, is concerned with stability and change in self. It suggests that the greater the number of significant other persons who are perceived to define an aspect of self congruently, the greater the resistance to change. The hypothesis was tested by choosing, for each individual, a self-ascribed trait that he believed five significant other persons generally attributed to him and a self-ascribed trait that he believed they did not. Strong pressure exerted toward changing these traits by means of a false personality assessment resulted in a greater change in the low consensus trait.
Sociometry © 1963 American Sociological Association