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Structural Variations in the Child Rearing Relationship

Glen H. Elder, Jr.
Sociometry
Vol. 25, No. 3 (Sep., 1962), pp. 241-262
DOI: 10.2307/2786127
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2786127
Page Count: 22
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Structural Variations in the Child Rearing Relationship
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Abstract

Seven types of social structures in the child rearing relationship are identified in this paper: autocratic, authoritarian, democratic, equalitarian, permissive, laissez-faire, and ignoring. The investigation is concerned with two problems: (1) the analysis of the relationship between social class, education and religion of parents and size of family, and the child rearing structures, and (2) the evaluation of structural effects upon the affective relations between parent and adolescent, and the adolescent's attitude toward parental child rearing policy. This study is based on 7,400 adolescents residing in Ohio and North Carolina; the data were obatined with a structured questionnaire. Parental dominance was most common to parents of low socioeconomic status, who are Catholic, and who have large families. The likelihood of mutual rejection in parent-adolescent relations and unfavorable evaluations of parental policy was greatest in autocratically structured relationships.

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