Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Internal Versus External Criticism of Group Standards

Sumiko Iwao
Sociometry
Vol. 26, No. 4 (Dec., 1963), pp. 410-421
DOI: 10.2307/2786145
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2786145
Page Count: 12
  • Download ($14.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Internal Versus External Criticism of Group Standards
Preview not available

Abstract

The subject's reactions to counternorm communications coming from in-group members on an ego-involving issue were studied. Indications of dissonance and dissonance-reducing behaviors were measured. The experimental task for the subject was to write answers to the "spontaneous" arguments of another subject (in reality, prepared communications sent to him by a confederate). The content of the communications disagreed with the subject's opinions and the group norm on the issue. Forty male divinity school students were used as subjects. The group membership of the subjects' communication partner was varied. The results supported the proposition that disagreement coming from an in-group member arouses dissonance of a greater magnitude than the same disagrement from an out-group member. The findings also indicated a general trend for the subjects in the in-group condition to seek more information than the subjects in the out-group condition.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
410
    410
  • Thumbnail: Page 
411
    411
  • Thumbnail: Page 
412
    412
  • Thumbnail: Page 
413
    413
  • Thumbnail: Page 
414
    414
  • Thumbnail: Page 
415
    415
  • Thumbnail: Page 
416
    416
  • Thumbnail: Page 
417
    417
  • Thumbnail: Page 
418
    418
  • Thumbnail: Page 
419
    419
  • Thumbnail: Page 
420
    420
  • Thumbnail: Page 
421
    421