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The Structure of Interpersonal Behavior

Richard Longabaugh
Sociometry
Vol. 29, No. 4, An Issue on Cross-Cultural Studies (Dec., 1966), pp. 441-460
DOI: 10.2307/2786298
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2786298
Page Count: 20
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The Structure of Interpersonal Behavior
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Abstract

The cross-cultural replicability of factor structures obtained from small group and personality research is tested. The sample population is 134 children, observed in six diverse societies. Two factor structures show cross-cultural generality: the Carter three-factor structure of individual prominence, aiding group attainment and sociability; and the Leary two-factor formulation of power and affiliation. A typology, developed from exchange theory and resource-process analysis, is suggested as a set of elements necessary and sufficient to account for both of these structures as well as their relation to one another. It is further suggested that this typology is helpful in accounting for other factor structures obtained from the study of interpersonal behavior.

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