Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Specifying the Buffering Hypothesis: Support, Strain, and Depression

Pamela Braboy Jackson
Social Psychology Quarterly
Vol. 55, No. 4 (Dec., 1992), pp. 363-378
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2786953
Page Count: 16
  • Download ($14.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Specifying the Buffering Hypothesis: Support, Strain, and Depression
Preview not available

Abstract

The concept of "matching" is central to theories of social support, as researchers attempt to specify the links between the type of support, the source of support, and the type of stressor, and to identify their function in the support process. This study examines these links more closely by differentiating between spouse and friend support, and by considering different types of life problems (e.g., role and ambient strains). I hypothesized a continuum of support efficacy whereby spouses and friends can ameliorate the depressing effects of nonfamilial strains (e.g., work straints). Spouses were further hypothesized to buffer the relationship between ambient strains (bur not familial role strains) and depression, Friends were expected to serve as effective buffers to familial role strains, but not to ambient strains. Results show that perceived spouse support both alters initial perceptions of strains and ameliorates the depressive effects of all forms of life strains, while friend support has a more limited direct and indirect role. Researchers interested in the interactive role of support ties must be attuned to the distinction between intimates when examining the negative effects of role strains, but not necessarily of ambient strains.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
363
    363
  • Thumbnail: Page 
364
    364
  • Thumbnail: Page 
365
    365
  • Thumbnail: Page 
366
    366
  • Thumbnail: Page 
367
    367
  • Thumbnail: Page 
368
    368
  • Thumbnail: Page 
369
    369
  • Thumbnail: Page 
370
    370
  • Thumbnail: Page 
371
    371
  • Thumbnail: Page 
372
    372
  • Thumbnail: Page 
373
    373
  • Thumbnail: Page 
374
    374
  • Thumbnail: Page 
375
    375
  • Thumbnail: Page 
376
    376
  • Thumbnail: Page 
377
    377
  • Thumbnail: Page 
378
    378