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Determining Site Function: A North Peruvian Coastal Example

Robert R. Kautz and Richard W. Keatinge
American Antiquity
Vol. 42, No. 1 (Jan., 1977), pp. 87-97
DOI: 10.2307/279464
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/279464
Page Count: 11
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Abstract

It has long been recognized that certain macro and microanalyses of soil and midden constituents can aid archaeologists in determining the strategy and evolution of subsistence activities as well as in dealing with questions of site function and intra-site variability. Applied to the site of Medanos la Joyada (El 102) located in the Moche valley on the north coast of Peru, these techniques: (1) shed light on a subsistence strategy characterized by plant cultivation and the exploitation of marine resources found associated with the phenomena referred to as "sunken gardens" (Parsons 1968; Rowe 1969; Moseley 1969; Parsons and Psuty 1975); (2) provide comparative information for the data collected by Parsons and Psuty (1975) in their excavation of sunken garden sites located in the Chilca valley on the central coast of Peru; and (3) call into question the utility of the "small site methodology" as outlined by Moseley and Mackey (1972).

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