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Prophet and Preacher: An Essential Partnership in the Work of Zion
J. P. Kiernan
New Series, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Sep., 1976), pp. 356-366
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2800276
Page Count: 11
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What precisely happens in the small group is still something of a sociological mystery. In this article, I look at the working of small religious groups of Zulu Zionists in an urban area, devoting particular attention to patterns of leadership. Leadership operates as a partnership between two sociological types, the Prophet, who allocates specific endowments and privations to individuals, and the Preacher who constitutes the group and, in constituting, absorbs each fresh allocation into the group structure. The preservation of a balanced interaction between the partners maintains the strength and peculiar character of the Zionist group. The value of the constitutive-allocative distinction is analysed in the light of Weber's institutional and charismatic types in an attempt to place it in the mainstream of sociological thinking. Finally, consideration is given to situational variations of the basic partnership and its implications for an understanding of unrelated sociological problems are tentatively explored.