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Experimental Use of Clovis Weaponry and Tools on African Elephants
George C. Frison
Vol. 54, No. 4 (Oct., 1989), pp. 766-784
Published by: Society for American Archaeology
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/280681
Page Count: 19
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Elephants, Projectiles, Elephant hunting, Atlatls, Animals, Butchering, Ribs, Spears, Quartzite, Diameters
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Clovis projectile points and chipped-stone tools have been recovered in a number of archaeological sites in the New World, but these cannot be tested on mammoths, which we know from the archaeological evidence Clovis hunters were able to procure. Extensive culling of elephants in Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe provided the necessary animals to test replicas of Clovis tools and weaponry. The experiments leave little doubt that Clovis projectile points can inflict lethal wounds on African elephants and that simple stone tools will perform the necessary butchering tasks. The physiology of mammoths and elephants is similar enough to make positive statements on the potential of this kind of stone-tool and weaponry assemblage, but we will never be able to compare elephant and mammoth behavior directly.
American Antiquity © 1989 Society for American Archaeology