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The Praxis-Provision in Papyrus Contracts

Hans Julius Wolff
Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association
Vol. 72 (1941), pp. 418-438
DOI: 10.2307/283066
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/283066
Page Count: 21
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The Praxis-Provision in Papyrus Contracts
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Abstract

The occurrence among Greek contracts on papyrus of arrangements which, in contrast with established principles of contemporary Roman law, reserved the right of enforcement to persons not formally participating in the covenant is explained on the theory that in the Greek conception the right to the praxis was a separate element within the obligatory relation created by a contract, capable of being the object of special agreement and not restricted to the promisee or inseparably linked up with the right to collect the debt. This was an effect of the separation of liability and duty. By way of an analysis of decisions rendered by the court of the chrematistae, it is shown that this primitive notion, first discovered in Greek law by Partsch, persisted in Hellenistic Egypt.

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