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The Emergence of Research Grants within the Prize System of the French Academy of Sciences, 1795-1914

Maurice Crosland and Antonio Gálvez
Social Studies of Science
Vol. 19, No. 1 (Feb., 1989), pp. 71-100
Published by: Sage Publications, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/285041
Page Count: 30
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The Emergence of Research Grants within the Prize System of the French Academy of Sciences, 1795-1914
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Abstract

The French Academy of Sciences established many important precedents in the development of modern science. One of these was the prize system, which originally involved the conferral of a few highly prestigious prizes. Yet the advance of experimental science in the nineteenth century demanded the availability of funds to carry out future research, rather than the reward of a few successful examples of past research. This paper shows how the members of the Academy gradually transformed the traditional system of prizes awarded with great honour into a less prestigious but more widely shared system of monetary awards, which finally led to a system of grants for younger researchers of promise.

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