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Mental Models in Narrative Comprehension

Gordon H. Bower and Daniel G. Morrow
Science
New Series, Vol. 247, No. 4938 (Jan. 5, 1990), pp. 44-48
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2873581
Page Count: 5
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Mental Models in Narrative Comprehension
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Abstract

Readers of stories construct mental models of the situation and characters described. They infer causal connections relating characters' actions to their goals. They also focus attention on characters' movements, thereby activating nearby parts of the mental model. This activation is revealed in readers' faster answering of questions about such parts, with less facilitation the greater their distance from the focus. Recently visited as well as imagined locations are also activated for several seconds. These patterns of temporary activation facilitate comprehension.

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