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Contributions of Two Types of Calcium Channels to Synaptic Transmission and Plasticity
Brian Edmonds, Marc Klein, Nicholas Dale and Eric R. Kandel
New Series, Vol. 250, No. 4984 (Nov. 23, 1990), pp. 1142-1147
Published by: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2878293
Page Count: 6
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Radio transmitters, Sensory neurons, Neurons, Electric current, Depolarization, Electric potential, Action potentials, Motor neurons, Synaptic transmission, Transmitters
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In Aplysia sensory and motor neurons in culture, the contributions of the major classes of calcium current can be selectively examined while transmitter release and its modulation are examined. A slowly inactivating, dihydropyridine-sensitive calcium current does not contribute either to normal synaptic transmission or to any of three different forms of plasticity: presynaptic inhibition, homosynaptic depression, and presynaptic facilitation. This current does contribute, however, to a fourth form of plasticity-modulation of transmitter release by tonic depolarization of the sensory neuron. By contrast, a second calcium current, which is rapidly inactivating and dihydropyridine-insensitive, contributes to release elicited by the transient depolarization of an action potential and to the other three forms of plasticity.
Science © 1990 American Association for the Advancement of Science