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Evidence from 18S Ribosomal DNA that the Lophophorates are Protostome Animals

Kenneth M. Halanych, John D. Bacheller, Anna Marie A. Aguinaldo, Stephanie M. Liva, David M. Hillis and James A. Lake
Science
New Series, Vol. 267, No. 5204 (Mar. 17, 1995), pp. 1641-1643
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2886745
Page Count: 3
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Evidence from 18S Ribosomal DNA that the Lophophorates are Protostome Animals
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Abstract

The suspension-feeding metazoan subkingdom Lophophorata exhibits characteristics of both deuterostomes and protostomes. Because the morphology and embryology of lophophorates are phylogenetically ambiguous, their origin is a major unsolved problem of metazoan phylogenetics. The complete 18S ribosomal DNA sequences of all three lophophorate phyla were obtained and analyzed to clarify the phylogenetic relationships of this subkingdom. Sequence analyses show that lophophorates are protostomes closely related to mollusks and annelids. This conclusion deviates from the commonly held view of deuterostome affinity.

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