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Journal Article

$^{40}$Ar/$^{39}$Ar Dating into the Historical Realm: Calibration Against Pliny the Younger

P. R. Renne, W. D. Sharp, A. L. Deino, G. Orsi and L. Civetta
Science
New Series, Vol. 277, No. 5330 (Aug. 29, 1997), pp. 1279-1280
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2892494
Page Count: 2

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Topics: Argon, Lasers, Pumice, Error rates, Geology, Volcanology, Atmospherics, Fluence, Calibration, Volcanoes
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Abstract

Laser incremental heating of sanidine from the pumice deposited by the Plinian eruption of Vesuvius in 79 A.D. yielded a $^{40}$Ar/$^{39}$Ar isochron age of 1925 ± 94 years ago. Close agreement with the Gregorian calendar-based age of 1918 years ago demonstrates that the $^{40}$Ar/$^{39}$Ar method can be reliably extended into the temporal range of recorded history. Excess $^{40}$Ar is present in the sanidine in concentrations that would cause significant errors if ignored in dating Holocene samples.

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