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The Electoral Fortunes of Legislative Factions in Japan

Gary W. Cox and Frances Rosenbluth
The American Political Science Review
Vol. 87, No. 3 (Sep., 1993), pp. 577-589
DOI: 10.2307/2938737
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2938737
Page Count: 13
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Electoral Fortunes of Legislative Factions in Japan
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Abstract

The legislative factions of the Liberal Democratic Party of Japan are so autonomous that the LDP is typically viewed as a coalition of factions, rather than a unitary party. We focus on the electoral role of these factions, finding that the five main factions differed substantially in electoral success in the 1960-79 period, but have been so closely tied together in the 1980s that differences in their electoral fates are statistically indiscernible. In particular, we find that the so-called mainstream factions did consistently better than their nonmainstream rivals before 1980 but not after. We explain the lessening of interfactional differences in terms of a decentralization of fund-raising within factions, which tended to equalize factional war chests (on a per capita basis).

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