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A Community Study of Gynecological and Related Morbidities in Rural Egypt
Nabil Younis, Hind Khattab, Huda Zurayk, Mawaheb El-Mouelhy, Mohamed Fadle Amin and Abdel Moneim Farag
Studies in Family Planning
Vol. 24, No. 3 (May - Jun., 1993), pp. 175-186
Published by: Population Council
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2939232
Page Count: 12
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This study assesses the prevalence of gynecological and related morbidity conditions in a rural Egyptian community. A medical examination was conducted on a sample of 509 ever-married, nonpregnant women. For gynecological morbidities, genital prolapse was diagnosed in 56 percent, reproductive tract infections in 52 percent, and abnormal cervical cell changes in 11 percent of the women. For related morbidities, anemia was present in 63 percent of the women, followed by obesity (43 percent), hypertension (18 percent), and urinary tract infection (14 percent). Regression analysis of risk factors demonstrated the contribution of social conditions and medical factors to these diseases. Reproductive tract infections were shown to occur more frequently with uterovaginal prolapse, IUD use, presence of husband (regular sexual activity), and unhygienic behavior. Genital prolapse increased with age and number of deliveries. Age, recent pregnancy, education, socioeconomic class, and workload showed significant associations with related morbidity conditions. This evidence challenges national health programs to go beyond safe motherhood, child survival, and family planning in its services to women, and to consider the social context of health as well.
Studies in Family Planning © 1993 Population Council