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The Reform Movement, Nationalism, and China's Foreign Policy

John Schrecker
The Journal of Asian Studies
Vol. 29, No. 1 (Nov., 1969), pp. 43-53
DOI: 10.2307/2942522
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2942522
Page Count: 11
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Reform Movement, Nationalism, and China's Foreign Policy
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Abstract

This article suggests an interpretation of the foreign policy of the Chinese reformers between 1895 and 1898. Unlike the "mainstream" of Ch'ing policy in the preceding decades, the reformers laid great emphasis on the concept of sovereignty, and aimed at full equality between China and the powers and the abolition of extraterritoriality and other foreign privileges. This approach, which must be identified as nationalistic, differed also from the cultural xenophobia of the militant conservatives of the Ch'ing-i school. From a page count of the Ch'ing-chi wai-chiao shih-liao, the author has shown that the use of the term "sovereignty" rose sharply after 1898. The reformer's concept of foreign policy thus had a crucial impact on Ch'ing policy during the ensuing decade.

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