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Total Institution and Self-Mortification
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Vol. 10, No. 2 (Jun., 1969), pp. 134-141
Published by: American Sociological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2948361
Page Count: 8
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The general concern of this study was to see if an "inmate" in a total institution undergoes a process of self-mortification. The specific concern of this study was to see if self-mortification occurs in mental patients in mental hospitals. A panel sample of 50 patients was used. Self-mortification was interpreted to mean a loss in self-esteem and a loss of social identity. The Rosenberg-Guttman scale of self-esteem was used to measure self-esteem, and the Kuhn-McPartland Twenty Statements Test was used to measure social identity. Findings showed that self-mortification did not occur: there was a slight gain in self-esteem and social identity. Changes in depressive affect, as measured by the Rosenberg-Guttman scale of depressive affect, was used to help validate the findings.
Journal of Health and Social Behavior © 1969 American Sociological Association