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Who is Hospitalized: A Critical Review of Some Sociological Studies of Mental Illness

Walter R. Gove
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Vol. 11, No. 4 (Dec., 1970), pp. 294-303
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2948577
Page Count: 10
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Who is Hospitalized: A Critical Review of Some Sociological Studies of Mental Illness
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Abstract

Three studies that bear on the societal reaction explanation of mental illness are critically evaluated. The first study focuses on the relationship between the decision to institute commitment proceedings and the degree of psychiatric disturbance, the second on the effect of power on the decision-making process in a psychiatric hearing, and the third on the severity of the psychiatric disorder of patients who have been committed. It is shown that, contrary to the interpretations of the investigators, the data in these studies do not clearly support the societal reaction perspective and are, in fact, open to interpretations that run counter to it.

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