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Nosocomial Transmission Of Group B Streptococci

C. S. F. Easmon, M. J. G. Hastings, A. J. Clare, B. Bloxham, R. Marwood, R. P. A. Rivers and J. Stringer
British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition)
Vol. 283, No. 6289 (Aug. 15, 1981), pp. 459-461
Published by: BMJ
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/29503220
Page Count: 3
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Nosocomial Transmission Of Group B Streptococci
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Abstract

The acquisition of group B streptococci by babies in a special-care baby unit and two postnatal wards was investigated over a six-month period using serology and phage typing. Sixty-three culture-positive babies were identified in the postnatal wards, one-third of whom had been born to mothers who were not carrying the organism in the genital tract or anorectal area during labour. A non-maternal source was identified for 14 of these 21 infants: either colonised mothers and babies in the same ward or, on one occasion, a member of the hospital staff. In the special-care baby unit, however, only one instance of nosocomial acquisition of group B streptococci was recorded despite a high prevalence of colonisation in the staff on the unit and the presence of heavily colonised babies. The results of this survey suggest that although sepsis caused by group B streptococci may be the result of nosocomial transmission, this may be prevented by careful attention to hygiene.

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