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Psychiatric Morbidity In Patients With Alcoholic Liver Disease
Isaac Ewusi-Mensah, J. B. Saunders, A. D. Wodak, R. M. Murray and Roger Williams
British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition)
Vol. 287, No. 6403 (Nov. 12, 1983), pp. 1417-1419
Published by: BMJ
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/29512971
Page Count: 3
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Seventy one patients with alcoholic liver disease and an equal number with non-alcoholic liver disease were interviewed using the schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia. Forty seven (66%) of the group with alcoholic liver disease had or had had psychiatric illnesses compared with 23 (32%) of the control group (p <0.001). Affective disorder, particularly major depression, neurotic disorders, and antisocial personality, were all more common among the patients with alcoholic liver disease than the controls. No patient had schizophrenia or other forms of psychosis. Among the patients with alcoholic liver disease 11 men (24%) and 14 women (54%) had an affective or a neurotic disorder that had antedated their heavy drinking, and 30 (77%) of those who had had such a problem at any time had symptoms at the time of interview. Abstinence from alcohol is essential for patients with severe alcoholic liver disease. In view of the high prevalence of psychiatric disorders in these patients psychiatric assessment is important to increase the patients' likelihood of complying with such advice.
British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition) © 1983 BMJ