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Genetic studies in Medzev, an isolate in South-Eastern Slovakia. 1. History, demography, marriage patterns

Daniela Siváková and H. Walter
Anthropologischer Anzeiger
Jahrg. 54, H. 3 (September 1996), pp. 193-200
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/29540644
Page Count: 8
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Genetic studies in Medzev, an isolate in South-Eastern Slovakia. 1. History, demography, marriage patterns
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Abstract

In Medzev, a village located in South-Eastern Slovakia, the secular variation of two indices of genetic isolation has been studied. It could be seen that this village was highly isolated till the beginning of the 20th century. Both indices show a tendency to increase in the first five decades of this century. For the entire period from 1766-1950 the coefficient of inbreeding estimated by the method of isonymy was found to be F = 0.0074 with different ratios of random (Fr) and non-random (Fn) components in particular periods. The coefficient of inbreeding estimated from the ecclesiastical dispensations for marriages comes to F = 0.0019. The genetic significance of the changes in the population structure of this village will be analyzed in further studies. In Medzev, einem Dorf im Südosten der Slowakei, wurde die säkulare Variation zweier Indices für genetische Isolation untersucht. Es konnte gezeigt werden, daß dieses Dorf bis zum Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts stark isoliert war. Beide Indices ließen in den ersten fünf Jahrzehnten dieses Jahrhunderts eine ansteigende Tendenz erkennen. Der mittels der Isonymy-Methode errechnete Inzuchtkoeffizient beträgt für den gesamten Zeitraum von 1766-1950 F = 0.0074, wobei das Verhältnis der Random- (Fr) und Nonrandom-Komponenten (Fn) in verschiedenen Zeitabschnitten variiert. Der anhand der kirchlichen Heiratserlaubnisse ermittelte Inzuchtkoeffizient beträgt F = 0.0019. Die genetische Bedeutung dieser Änderungen in der Populationsstruktur wird in weiteren Untersuchungen analysiert.

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