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The Continuation of Family Caregiving in Japan

Noriko Yamamoto and Margaret I. Wallhagen
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Vol. 38, No. 2 (Jun., 1997), pp. 164-176
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2955423
Page Count: 13
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The Continuation of Family Caregiving in Japan
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop concepts that facilitate our understanding of why family caregivers of demented elderly persons can continue caregiving despite various difficulties of care. Twenty-six Japanese daughter or daughter-in-law caregivers of elderly parents with dementia who lived at home or in long-term care facilities were recruited through various senior service organizations in Japan. The caregivers underwent unstructured interviews, and the interview data were analyzed using the constant comparative method. Three categories emerged as reasons for care continuation: value of care, maintainers of value, and reinforcers of care continuation. Value of care came from societal norms and attachment, and was the basis of caregivers' motivation to continue care. Several maintainers of value and reinforcers of care continuation also emerged from the analysis. The contents and some longitudinal changes in these categories were explained. The findings highlight the need to assess these categories separately in order to develop appropriate interventions and they have implications for future research and policy development.

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