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Demographic changes and sustainable land use in South Africa

KOBUS OOSTHUIZEN
Genus
Vol. 56, No. 3/4 (Luglio - Dicembre 2000), pp. 81-107
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/29788656
Page Count: 27
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Demographic changes and sustainable land use in South Africa
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Abstract

Un'ipotesi condivisa in demografia ritiene che i cambiamenti demografici di un paese abbiano un impatto sul modo di usare la terra da parte della popolazione del paese stesso e che, al contrario, l'uso della terra condizioni lo sviluppo demografico del paese. L'articolo si propone di verificare queste ipotesi in Sud Africa a partire dal secolo scorso mettendo in luce le conseguenze dei recenti sviluppi demografici sull'uso della terra e in particolare la loro compatibilità con le attuali attese riguardo l'uso della terra. A tal fine l'autore sottolinea le fasi principali della transizione demografica in Sud Africa, i caratteri più importanti del sistema tradizionale di possesso della terra, gli orientamenti più recenti e le opzioni politiche in direzione dello sviluppo del paese. It is popular belief in demography that demographic changes in a country have an impact on the way the land of that same country is used by its population and that, on the other hand, the land use conditions the demographic development. The paper intends to verify these hypotheses in South Africa starting from the last century, highlighting the consequences of the most recent demographic developments on land use and, in particular, their compatibility with the current expectations regarding land use. To this regard, the author points out the main stages of the demographic transition in South Africa, the most important characteristics of the traditional land owning system, the most recent orientations and the political options for the development of the country. Une hypothèse généralement admise en démographie veut que les changements démographiques d'un pays ont un impact sur la façon dont la population de ce pays utilise la terre et, qu'à son tour, cette utilisation conditionne l'évolution démographique de ce pays. Cet article se propose de vérifier ces hypothèses en Afrique du Sud à partir du XXe siècle en mettant en lumière les conséquences des développements démographiques récents sur l'utilisation de la terre et, en particulier, leur compatibilité avec les attentes que cette utilisation suscite actuellement. A ce but, l'auteur souligne les phases principales de la transition démographique de l'Afrique du Sud, les caractéristiques dominantes du système traditionnel d'occupation des terres, les orientations plus récentes et les options politiques relatives au développement de ce pays.

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