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Leaving-home of young adults under conditions of ecological stress in the drought prone communities of Northern Ethiopia

MARKOS EZRA
Genus
Vol. 56, No. 3/4 (Luglio - Dicembre 2000), pp. 121-144
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/29788658
Page Count: 24
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Leaving-home of young adults under conditions of ecological stress in the drought prone communities of Northern Ethiopia
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Abstract

Questo studio si basa su dati di un'indagine effettuata nel 1994/95 su un campione di 2000 famiglie in alcune comunità dell'Etiopia del nord. L'indagine raccoglie informazioni sullo stress da insicurezza alimentare indotto dalle ripetute siccità e carestie che hanno colpito le famiglie di quest'area negli ultimi tre decenni. Nel contesto dei comportamenti familiari sono osservati i fattori associati all'uscita da casa dei giovani adulti sotto il condizionamento economico ed ecologico. A differenza di quanto accade nelle società occidentali l'uscita da casa qui è condizionata dalle istituzioni sociali come la comunità e la famiglia di origine, tale decisione è dovuta al matrimonio o a stress, non è frutto di decisione individuale, ma della collettività. This study is based on data obtained from a survey conducted on a sample of 2000 families of Northern Ethiopia. The survey collected data on household responses to food insecurity stress induced by the recurrent droughts and famines that hit the region in the last three decades. Within thecontext of family behaviour, the paper examines the factors associated with leaving-home of young adults under conditions of ecological and economic stress. Studies on the subject in western societies indicate that leaving-home of young adults are mostly based on the individuals' decisions; and they often relate to preferences for residential independence, or for cohabitation. The present study shows that, contrary to what happens in Western societies, leaving-home is not based on the young adults' own choices and preferences but on the role played by institutions; namely communities, families and households. The findings show that leaving-home of young adults mainly occurs due to marriage and stress which are basically results of institutional arrangements rather than individual decisions. Cette étude repose sur les données d'une enquête menée en 1994-95 sur un échantillon de 2000 familles dans quelques communautés du nord de l'Éthiopie. Elle regroupe des informations sur le stress que provoque l'insécurité alimentaire due aux sécheresses et disettes répétées qui frappent les familles de cette région depuis trois décennies. Dans le contexte des comportements familiaux, l'auteur observe les facteurs associés au départ de chez eux des jeunes adultes soumis au conditionnement économique et écologique. Contrairement à ce qui se passe dans les sociétés occidentales, ce départ est conditionné ici par les institutions sociales comme la communauté et la famille d'origine, de sorte que la décision est liée au mariage ou au stress; elle n'est pas le fait des individus mais de la collectivité.

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