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Regional variations in fertility in Bangladesh

M. MAZHARUL ISLAM, UBAIDUR ROB and NITAI CHAKROBORTY
Genus
Vol. 59, No. 3/4 (July - December 2003), pp. 103-145
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/29788777
Page Count: 43
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Regional variations in fertility in Bangladesh
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Abstract

Il Bangladesh è formato da sei regioni amministrative. I risultati di recenti indagini hanno mostrato una forte variabilità regionale della fecondità. Questo lavoro analizza la variabilità della fecondità nelle varie regioni, cercando di fornire alcune ipotesi esplicative. Dai risultati si osserva che nelle regioni Khulna e Rajshahi, nonostante l'età più precoce al primo matrimonio e al primo figlio, la bassa fecondità è dovuta principalmente ad un uso elevato di metodi di pianificazione familiare, a livelli inferiori nel numero desiderato di figli e ad un intervallo intergenesico più ampio. Per ridurre la fecondità complessiva del Bangladesh, si dovrebbe dunque prendere come esempio la regione di Khulna nella pianificazione e implementazione dei futuri programmi politici. Bangladesh is divided into six administrative regions. The results of the recent national level surveys indicate marked variations in fertility among the regions. This article analyses the pattern of variations in fertility across the regions and seeks explanations for such variations. The results indicate that although the age at first marriage and first birth is lowest in Khulna and Rajshahi regions, the low fertility levels in these two regions is mainly due to higher rate of use of family planning methods, low level of desired fertility and longer non-first birth interval. For further reduction in overall fertility level in Bangladesh, programme managers and policy makers should take into consideration the lessons learned from Khulna division in future programme planning and implementation. Le Bangladesh comprend six régions administratives. Des enquêtes récentes montrent une forte variabilité régionale de la fécondité. Nous analysons ici cette variabilité à la recherche de quelques hypothèses explicatives. C'est ainsi que nous observons que dans les régions de Khulna et de Rajshahi, malgré l'âge plus précoce des femmes au premier mariage et â la première naissance, leur faible fécondité provient principalement d'une utilisation intensive des méthodes de planification familiale, d'un nombre inférieur d'enfants désirés et d'intervalles intergénésiques plus longs. Pour réduire davantage la fécondité globale au Bangladesh, il faudra donc que la planification et l'exécution des futurs programmes s'inspirent de l'exemple de la région de Khulna.

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