Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

If You Use a Screen Reader

This content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.

Socioeconomic status and child survival in Southern Africa

AYAGA A. BAWAH and TUKUFU ZUBERI
Genus
Vol. 61, No. 2 (April - June 2005), pp. 55-83
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/29788852
Page Count: 29
  • Read Online (Free)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Socioeconomic status and child survival in Southern Africa
Preview not available

Abstract

Nei paesi in via di sviluppo, dove spesso mancano informazioni dirette sulle risorse economiche delle famiglie, le caratteristiche dell'abitazione — disponibilità di acqua potabile, tipo di servizi sanitari, materiali da costruzione — e il possesso di beni materiali — radio, televisione, capi di bestiame- danno conto della relativa condizione socioeconomica e del potere d'acquisto. In questo lavoro tali variabili vengono utilizzate come proxy dello status delle famiglie attraverso la costruzione di un indicatore complesso del livello di povertà, al fine di misurarne l'associazione con la mortalità infantile. I risultati sono consistenti con le aspettative: il rischio di mortalità infantile diminuisce sensibilmente in corrispondenza di alti livelli di status socioeconomico. Housing characteristics and household possessions such as source of drinking water, type of toilet facilities, housing construction materials, and household asset possessions such as, radio, television, and animals, reflect the socioeconomic status of individuals in settings where income data are lacking. These variables can be used to create a composite index of poverty for measuring inequalities. It may be said that the type of houses individuals own and their assets reflect their socioeconomic status. We use these variables to create a poverty index and examine its association with childhood mortality using a multivariate regression model in three southern African countries. The results are reassuringly consistent with expectation. Our results suggest that the chances of childhood mortality decreases consistently with higher ranking on the socioeconomic status index. Dans les pays en développement souvent dépourvus d'informations directes sur les ressources économiques des familles, les caractéristiques du logement — eau potable, installations hygiéniques, matériaux de construction — et la possession de biens matériels — radio, télévision, têtes de bétail — donnent un aperçu de la condition économique relative des personnes et de leur pouvoir d'achat. Ces variables servent en lieu et place du statut familial à construire un indicateur complexe du niveau de pauvreté en relation avec la mortalité infantile dans trois pays d'Afrique australe. Les résultats confirment nos attentes, à savoir que le risque de mortalité infantile est inversement proportionnel au niveau du statut socioéconomique.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
55
    55
  • Thumbnail: Page 
56
    56
  • Thumbnail: Page 
57
    57
  • Thumbnail: Page 
58
    58
  • Thumbnail: Page 
59
    59
  • Thumbnail: Page 
60
    60
  • Thumbnail: Page 
61
    61
  • Thumbnail: Page 
62
    62
  • Thumbnail: Page 
63
    63
  • Thumbnail: Page 
64
    64
  • Thumbnail: Page 
65
    65
  • Thumbnail: Page 
66
    66
  • Thumbnail: Page 
67
    67
  • Thumbnail: Page 
68
    68
  • Thumbnail: Page 
69
    69
  • Thumbnail: Page 
70
    70
  • Thumbnail: Page 
71
    71
  • Thumbnail: Page 
72
    72
  • Thumbnail: Page 
73
    73
  • Thumbnail: Page 
74
    74
  • Thumbnail: Page 
75
    75
  • Thumbnail: Page 
76
    76
  • Thumbnail: Page 
77
    77
  • Thumbnail: Page 
78
    78
  • Thumbnail: Page 
79
    79
  • Thumbnail: Page 
80
    80
  • Thumbnail: Page 
81
    81
  • Thumbnail: Page 
82
    82
  • Thumbnail: Page 
83
    83