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CHANGING MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE PATTERNS IN AUSTRALIA 1921-81: AN APPLICATION OF MULTI-STATE LIFE TABLE ANALYSIS

SOWRIRAJULU KRISHNAMOORTHY
Genus
Vol. 43, No. 3/4 (LUGLIO-DICEMBRE 1987), pp. 69-84
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/29788914
Page Count: 16
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
CHANGING MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE PATTERNS IN AUSTRALIA 1921-81: AN APPLICATION OF MULTI-STATE LIFE TABLE ANALYSIS
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Abstract

Multi-state life table analysis is performed for the quinquennial years from 1921 to 1981 to study the changes in nuptiality among Australian women. The results of the analysis indicate that during the depression of the early 1930's, the mean age at first marriage was high and first marriages and remarriages were low. During the Second World War period, the first marriage rates, divorce rates and the remarriage rates for divorcees went up. However, divorces and remarriages of divorcees started falling down after 1946, although first marriages were on the increase till 1956. Both first marriages and remarriages of divorcees and widows fell during 1976-1981 most likely due to the recent increasing trend in living together arrangements. The proportion of life spent in married state is declining in the recent years due to increasing age at first marriages, declining proportion marrying and increasing divorces coupled with declining probability of remarriages. Though one might expect increasing chances for marriages of women to end in widowhood because of the ever widening sex differential in longevity, the fact is different. The rise in divorce rate gives rise to increase in the probability of a marriage ending in divorce and hence a decline in the probability of a marriage ending in widowhood. L'analisi delle tavole di sopravvivenza di stato civile delle donne australiane viene compiuta, per il periodo 1921-81 e di cinque in cinque anni, con lo scopo di studiare i mutamenti della nuzialità delle donne australiane. I risultati dell'analisi indicano che durante la depressione dei primi anni '30 l'età media al primo matrimonio era alta e tanto i primi matrimoni che quelli successivi erano scarsi. Nel periodo della seconda guerra mondiale i tassi di nuzialità (primo matrimonio), divorzialità, nuzialità dei divorziati sono aumentati. Tuttavia, i divorzi e i matrimoni di divorziati hanno cominciato a scendere dopo il 1946, mentre i primi matrimoni sono cresciuti fino al 1956. Tanto i primi matrimoni che i matrimoni di divorziati e di vedovi sono diminuiti nel periodo 1976-81, probabilmente per effetto della recente tendenza all'aumento delle convivenze. L'analyse des tables de survie selon l'état matrimonial des femmes australiennes est effectuée tous les cinq ans pour la période 1921-81 dans le but d'étudier les changements de la nuptialité des femmes australiennes.

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