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Nearest Neighbour Models in the Analysis of Field Experiments

M. S. Bartlett
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B (Methodological)
Vol. 40, No. 2 (1978), pp. 147-174
Published by: Wiley for the Royal Statistical Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2984750
Page Count: 28
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Nearest Neighbour Models in the Analysis of Field Experiments
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Abstract

The method of adjusting plot values by covariance on neighbouring plots in randomized field experiments, suggested by Papadakis in 1937, is re-examined theoretically for both one-dimensional and two-dimensional layouts, making use of Markovian and autonormal models. The gain in efficiency over orthodox randomized block analysis can be appreciable when the number of treatments is fairly large, and can be increased by iterating the analysis; this also reduces the discrepancy between the apparent accuracy from the residual sum of squares, and the true accuracy of the treatment comparisons after adjustment. Some illustrative examples are included.

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