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"Acclimation Effects" for Supreme Court Justices: A Cross-Validation, 1888-1940
Sandra L. Wood, Linda Camp Keith, Drew Noble Lanier and Ayo Ogundele
American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 42, No. 2 (Apr., 1998), pp. 690-697
Published by: Midwest Political Science Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991775
Page Count: 8
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Theory: As they learn a new role, Justices experience an initial period of adjustment to the Supreme Court, which creates voting instability. Hypothesis: Justices during the time 1888-1940 are more likely to experience acclimation effects than those in the modern era. Those with judicial experience, however, may not experience such shifts. Methods: Difference of means tests are employed to consider the differences in voting behavior between the first two years of a justice's tenure on the Court and the remaining years. Results: Twenty-five freshman justices from 1888-1940 experienced a weaker acclimation effect than those in the modern era. Those who lacked judicial experience were particularly prone to experience acclimation effects, especially in judicial power cases.
American Journal of Political Science © 1998 Midwest Political Science Association